Harland and Wolff is a company and shipyard located in Belfast, Northern Ireland, where the three ships of the Olympic-Class, (Titanic, Olympic, and Britannic) were built. The company was founded by Edward Harland and Gustav Wolff in 1861. It was known for having built all of White Star Line's ships.
The Olympic-class ships were built on the Arrol Gantry, which was erected in 1908 after being commissioned to build these big ships. It temporarily ceased operations on August 5th, 2019, and entered into administration, but was saved on October 1st, 2019, when it was bought by the London-based energy firm InfraStrata.
The War, and Post-War[edit | edit source]
In the First World War, Harland and Wolff built monitors and cruisers, including the 15-inch gun armed "large light cruiser" HMS Glorious. In 1918, the company opened a new shipyard on the eastern side of the Musgrave Channel which was named the East Yard. This yard specialised in mass-produced ships of standard design developed in the First World War.
Eventually, Harland and Wolff had stopped building ships. Instead, they built engines and repair damaged ships though the company had indeed seen its ship-related workload increase slightly.
On August 5th, the company announced they would cease trading, and entered into Administration, on August 7th, 2019. They were subsequently bought by the London-based energy firm InfraStrata, saving the remaining jobs.